Florence and surroundingsArticle Index
In the district of San Lorenzo
The Laurentian Library, formerly called the Laurentian Library, is one of the major collections of manuscripts in the world and an important architectural complex in Florence, designed by Michelangelo between 1519 and 1534.
It contains 68,405 printed volumes, 406 incunabula, sixteenth-4058 and above 11,044 prized manuscripts  and the largest Italian collection of Egyptian papyri. It is accessed from the cloisters of the Basilica of San Lorenzo in Florence, Laurentian hence the name. Medici derives from the fact of being born from the library collections of members of the Medici family.
The Basilica of San Lorenzo is one of the largest churches of Florence, in the square in the old city, whose side takes the characteristic San Lorenzo market.
Central Market is located between Via Firenze dell'Ariento, via St. Anthony, via Panicale and Piazza del Mercato Centrale. It was one of the results of the period of rehabilitation, the period when Florence was the capital of Italy in the late nineteenth century.
The heart of Florence is Piazza della Signoria, with its majestic Palazzo Vecchio, with a gallery of masterpieces of sculpture in the Loggia dei Lanzi, and the nearby Galleria degli Uffizi, one of the most famous art museums in the world. Not far away is the religious center of the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, with its majestic dome (the largest ever built) that at the time of the Grand Duchy, it was said that with his shadow reached to cover the whole of Tuscany, the enormous Cathedral is beautifully accompanied by the Bell Tower, one of the most beautiful in Italy, and the Baptistery of San Giovanni, with its famous bronze doors amongst these is the golden gate of heaven.
The Arno River, which passes through the city, occupies a place in Florentine history par with the people who live there. Historically, local people have a love-hate relationship with the Arno, which led to either the benefits of trade, and disasters of floods. Among the bridges that cross the Ponte Vecchio is unique, with features jewelers in houses built on it. Crossed by the noble Vasari Corridor, is the only bridge in the city to be passed unscathed through the Second World War.
In addition to the Uffizi, Florence has other museums which would be the main artistic attraction than any other major city in the world: the Accademia Gallery, the Bargello and the Pitti Palace with its eight museums, including the Palatine Gallery. The Florentines boast of possessing the best example of beauty in both women (of Botticelli's Venus) and male (the David of Michelangelo).
The left bank of the Arno (the Oltrarno) is an area rich in monuments which can still be felt, in his old craft shops, the atmosphere of Florence for a time, for example, described by Vasco Pratolini. But there are many literary ideas throughout the city: the neighborhoods of the tower houses, where the tombstones recall the ways that these places inspired by Dante Alighieri, the serenity of the Medici villas, where they often met the Platonic Academy of Lorenzo the Magnificent , To the theaters to the Pergola and the Boboli Gardens, where they were staged for the first time melodramas that led to opera.
Florence as the "cradle of the Renaissance" has its masterpieces in the works of Filippo Brunelleschi (the Hospital of the Innocents, the church of San Lorenzo and Santo Spirito) and Leon Battista Alberti (the facade of Santa Maria Novella and the Palazzo Rucellai) but other periods have left their artistic masterpieces: the Romanesque San Miniato al Monte, the Gothic Santa Croce (where are the graves of the Italic glories, as defined Ugo Foscolo, he also buried there), the vagaries of Giambologna's Mannerist Bernardo Buontalenti or (as the Fountain of Neptune or the Garden of Boboli), up to the masterpieces of the great Italian architects of the twentieth century as the resort of Santa Maria Novella and the Stadio Artemio Franchi, respectively Giovanni Michelucci and Pier Luigi Nervi.
The center of Florence, with its hundreds of business is a paradise for shopping and leisure, from the chic boutiques, cafes and historic concert by the lively outdoor market historians, as well as host to numerous nightclubs, discos American-bar.
The Piazzale Michelangelo in Florence is the most famous vantage point of the city skyline, reproduced in countless postcards and a must for tourists visiting the city.
It was built in 1865 designed by the architect Giuseppe Poggi on a hill just south of the historic center, completion of retraining of the left bank of the Arno. From that year, Florence was the capital of Italy and the whole town was involved in an urban renewal, the so-called cleansing, or the rebirth of the middle-class city: the riversides were created, on the right bank, instead of the fourteenth century walls, were opened the ring of boulevards in the way of the boulevard, on the left bank was traced, winding up the hill of San Miniato, the Viale dei Colli, a scenic route lined with trees 8 km long, culminating in the square was built as a terrace inside the city.
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